The hemoglobin A1C test, created in 1976, is used to measure the long-term success in the control of blood sugar for diabetics. The test detects the amount of glycated hemoglobin in the blood.
This type of diabetes lab diagnosis can also be used to aid in the diagnosis of new-onset diabetes or pre-diabetes patients. An A1C of 6.5 or higher is generally considered sufficient for the diagnosis.
To administer the test, a small amount of blood is collected in a clinical setting and analyzed in the laboratory. Blood needed is generally a bit more than that used for testing blood sugar every day, but can be withdrawn or taken with a surgical knife.
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House testing is available and maybe this kit can be considered as an essential diabetes testing supply in the future. The results are not as quickly available as blood sugar test results.
HbA1C test, unlike the daily blood sugar monitoring, can provide long-term information about levels that can be useful in adjusting the dose of medication, fitness routines, and diet for diabetics both Type I and Type II. The test should be given every three months to present a clear picture of success in controlling blood sugar levels.
Consistent testing and adjustment of the treatment regimen can reduce the likelihood of complications. It can also improve the overall quality of life for diabetes.
Diabetics should tell their doctor about the drugs they are taking, including supplements. Kidney and liver disease also can affect the test results. HbA1C is generally not used to identify gestational diabetes because of the relatively rapid onset of type of diabetes and other factors.