Biospecimens are biological materials such as urine, blood, tissue, cells, DNA, RNA that come from humans, animals, or plants. Bioassays have long been collected and stored to aid clinical and research activities.
A biorepository is a facility where biological samples are collected, processed, and stored. Biospecimens from humans are stored and related patient information is recorded for the purpose of studying disease, developing treatment plans, studying efficacy, or detecting markers of disease.
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Therefore, the aim of a biorepository arrangement is to make samples and related data available to researchers. Organic repositories that hold human samples are usually referred to as biobanks. With the advancement of modern research and technology, the biobank has become an indispensable resource for the research and rapid development of precision medicine.
Types and uses of biorepositories
-In-hospital biorepositories supported research through biomarker validation.
-Biorepositories that identify genetic traces to support therapeutic development.
-Disease-oriented biorepositories that primarily focus on understanding specific habits and practices.
-Population-based biorepositories help improve the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of serious diseases common in certain regions.
The methods for collecting, processing, storing, and distributing samples should be standardized in order to obtain high-quality samples suitable for testing.
And the terms biobanks and biorepositories are often used synonymously. However, it is important to differentiate between the two, as biobank banks store human samples, and biorepositories transport samples from all living organisms, including humans.